The Institute of Cognitive and Brain Sciences (ICBS) supports research exploring the study of the mind and the biological basis of behavior and mental function. Founded as the Institute for Cognitive Studies in 1984, ICBS adopted its current name in 2000 in recognition of the emergence of cognitive neuroscience as a field for the bi-directional study of mind-brain relationships.

Institute members come from a number of departments on campus, including Psychology, Linguistics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vision Sciences, Education, Anthropology, Philosophy, Music, and the Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute. The intersection of researchers from these different disciplines has led to new research paradigms and methodologies to address ancient questions.

The links between mind and brain science became a focal point of ICBS activities over the past decade.To further strengthen these links, ICBS became a center within the Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute in 2009. The research programs of many members now fall within the field of cognitive neuroscience, the application of the methods of cognitive psychology and science to understand brain function. ICBS also provides support for the staff of the Brain Imaging Center to facilitate research programs of the Institute’s members involving magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a powerful tool for analyzing the structure and function of the human brain.